Those who suffer from asthma only know how much something can trigger their asthmatic attacks. Asthma patients have swelled airways that are reactive to certain things. And these “things” are known as Asthma Triggers.
Asthma triggers are not the same in every asthma patient. It varies from person to person. Some respond to very few things and some are highly responsive to many things. Even a small trigger will be enough for an asthma attack.
So every asthma patient whether it’s acute or severe must know the triggers that can worsen their asthma attack if not prior precautions are taken. Here is the list of triggers:-
For Allergic Asthma-
The allergens can cause a trigger in asthma. Inhalation of allergens may cause symptoms of allergic asthma. The familiar allergens are the followings:
- Dust particles
- Windblown Pollen
- Cockroach feces
- Mites feces
- Animal hairs, skin, saliva
- Spores (mold)
Irritants causing Asthma
Irritants are the things that will cause inflammation and disturbances in the respiratory tract, not allergies, and will cause shortness of breath leading the asthmatic attack. The irritants are the followings:
- The smoke from cigarettes
- Industrial smokes
- The charcoal smokes, grills
- Fires, bonfires
- Dust particles
- Perfumes or any strong aerated things
- Certain chemicals
Physical Activity/ Exercises
Many times who have very narrow air passage due to inflammation, little exercises, or other physical activities can lead them in shortness of breath. Especially in cold temperatures, any physical activities trigger asthma attacks. And this is known as Exercise-induced Asthma. Symptoms are not seen immediately but after a long duration of exercise asthma patients suffer from tightness in the chest, shortness of breath. This is treatable if proper medications are taken. Example- Asthalin Inhaler.
Feelings and Strong Emotions
Yes, your emotions, mood swings can trigger your breathing pattern and can cause asthma even if you don’t have a history of any asthma attack. Suppose you are shocked and you burst into tears and this situation is continuing for a long time then it might cause shortness of breath, gasping, and tightness of chest. Your emotions like-
- Enthusiasm or exhilaration
- Panic or Fright
- Exasperation or Anger
- Over Sobbing
All these strong feelings and emotions in an over way may lead to some phobia or fears which is enough to trigger you for an asthmatic episode.
How can you prevent asthma triggers?
Yes, you can prevent your asthma triggers and for that, you have to check on these following points:-
- Firstly, you should know which asthma trigger is affecting you the most. And keep a record of your asthma symptoms. And have a proper allergy test if needed and then also you will get to know which things trigger your breathing problems.
- If you have allergic asthma then avoid allergens, the field where it is widespread pollens, avoid pets to stay away from their hairs, skins, avoid strong smelly things.
- Never be around smoke because that’s an irritant trigger. Quit smoking, or stop being around smokers, avoid industrial areas, and if you are working in an industrial area wear a mask and take preventive measures. Basically to everything to avoid any kind of smoke or smog.
- Do not be around people who have flue, cold, or fever because these are some of the triggers. Wash your hands after any type of contact with these people if they have any. Never put your hand in eyes, nose, and mouth.
- If possible make your home allergen-proof.
- Always get your vaccines in time because they will protect you. Get your common flu vaccine, Pneumovax, tetanus vaccine, zoster vaccine. Because untreatable long term flu can be pneumonia and it is a trigger of asthma.
- Take your asthma medicines and always keep your inhalers like Asthalin inhaler, Seroflo Inhaler or Aerocort Inhaler with you. And take them regularly as prescribed.
Can these inhalers protect you from asthma triggers?
See, if you are exposed to these triggers, start showing asthma symptoms so if you take one or two puffs from these inhalers then Inhalers can protect you from asthma triggers because they show immediate bronchodilation action.
- is a combination of Salmeterol and Fluticasone propionate.
- Where Salmeterol helps in bronchodilation and Fluticasone acts for a longer duration and its bioavailability is also high.
- Dosage: For 12 years and above – available in 50mcg, 125mcg, and 250mcg: 2 puffs/ twice a day.
For 4 years and above – 50mcg/ 2 puffs/ twice a day
- Asthalin is a made of 100mcg salbutamol sulphide.
- It is used to reduce the asthmatic symptoms due to the triggers.
- Salbutamol causes bronchodilation by binding to the beta-2 receptors present on the smooth respiratory muscles and prevents bronchospasms.
- Asthalin inhaler should be used 4 times a day and only 2puffs.
- It is a mix of levosalbutamol and beclomethasone where Levosalbutamol is an enantiomer of salbutamol which is a sympathomimetic drug that helps in bronchodilation. And Beclomethasone suppresses the bronchial inflammation and increases the expiratory flow rate and remodels the air passage.
- It can protect you from asthma triggers by giving immediate actions. And it lasts for a longer duration due to the corticosteroid.
- Dosage: 50mcg/MDI with 100mcg twice a daily and 2-3 puffs.
So always keep your inhalers with you because they are the only saviors from the asthma triggers.