Gastritis Guide

Gastritis Guide: Symptoms, Causes, And Nutrition

One of the most common health problems among people today is gastritis. This problem causes severe inconvenience in the life of the patient suffering from it; thus, it must be dealt with caution. Depending on the type of gastritis (acute or chronic), a doctor can recommend a proper medication.

However, medication alone is not enough to deal with this problem permanently. Improper diet, obsession with fatty, spicy, or salty foods increases the risk of developing gastritis. In addition, carbonated drinks, alcohol, crackers, chips, and other types of fast food are harmful to the gastrointestinal tract.

What Is Gastritis?

Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining, one of the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract on the planet. Inflammation can be caused by a variety of reasons and occur in different ways.

This process is aggravated by the fact that the main component of gastric juice – hydrochloric acid – under certain conditions itself can become a traumatic factor for the damaged gastric mucosa, causing irritation and increasing inflammation.

Symptoms For Gastritis

Symptoms of gastritis depend on its type; however, some common signs of the disease include the following:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weakness
  • Belching
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Vomit
  • Heaviness in the stomach
  • Flatulence
  • Bad taste in the mouth

However, there may be some other symptoms of gastritis as well, such as hiccups, abdominal bleeding, blood in stool, burning in the stomach, etc. These symptoms may vary from person to person. So if any of the above symptoms appear, go to your doctor immediately. Only through proper medical check-ups, the problem can be identified and cured timely.

Causes Of Gastritis

For the development of gastritis, several factors must coincide. Most gastritis is bacterial in nature. The culprit for the development of the disease is most often the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, and scientists found this out relatively recently – at the end of the 20th century.

It turned out that there is an exception, and the vital activity of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori can cause damage to the gastric mucosa and the development of inflammation. By itself, the presence of bacteria in the stomach practically cannot cause gastritis; this requires some provoking factors. Risk factors for developing gastritis are:

  • Stress
  • Allergy
  • Drugs abuse
  • Smoking
  • Eating spicy food
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Hereditary predisposition

According to rehab centers in Florida, the number of patients with alcoholic gastritis is increasing. Thus, according to them, substance abuse is one of the major causes of increased gastritis problems, in addition to, eating spicy food.

Proper Nutrition For Gastritis

The disease requires a serious approach to treatment, as well as changes in the entire lifestyle. First of all, the changes should affect nutrition. It is impossible to cure gastritis with drugs alone without nutritional correction. Diet plays an equal role in the treatment of the disease. Thus, you should know what you should and what to avoid when treating gastritis.

How To Eat With Gastritis?

Proper nutrition for gastritis:

  • With a minimum load on the stomach, eat in small portions 5-6 times a day with an interval of 3-4 hours.
  • You cannot have a snack on the run and gorge on it at night.
  • Chew the food thoroughly.
  • Avoid eating a few hours before bedtime.
  • The more homogeneous and thinner the dish, the better.
  • Eat foods that do not irritate the mucous membranes.
  • Try to boil or steam the food and eat it barely warm (the preferred temperature is 30-40 degrees).

During the treatment, fresh vegetables and fruits, meat and mushroom broths, coffee, soda, fermented milk drinks, bakery, and confectionery products, cheese is prohibited. It is better to do without salt or add it in minimal quantities; you will have to forget about other spices altogether.

What Not To Eat With Gastritis

There are different types of diets, depending on the form of the disease (acute or chronic), as well as its varieties (with high or low acidity). However, there are foods that are equally harmful to any type of gastritis.

List of restricted and prohibited products:

  • Hot seasonings, spices
  • Mushrooms and mushroom broths
  • Canned food, smoked meats, and marinades
  • Strong tea and coffee
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Fried and grilled foods
  • Ice cream, chocolate
  • Fast food products
  • Bakery products

These are the foods that can irritate the stomach lining and are extremely difficult to digest. Remember not to eat excess salt in any food and if you are cooking your own food, keep salt to a minimum.

What To Eat With Gastritis

You really need to be careful of what you eat with gastritis, or the problem would only increase. If you are not sure which foods are harmful and which ones can be beneficial during this time, you can also consult a doctor. However, here are some food items that can be helpful for patients with gastritis.

For any form of gastritis, here is the list of allowed foods you can eat:

  • Soups
  • Meat broth or vegetable broth
  • Puree soups
  • Meat – chicken, rabbit, or veal
  • Fish – boiled hake, cod, or pike perch
  • Porridge from cereals – oatmeal, buckwheat, rice, and semolina
  • Vegetables – cauliflower, zucchini, potatoes, carrots, and pumpkin.
  1. Only boiled or stewed.
  2. In the acute phase of the disease, it is better to eat the broth.
  3. It is better to exclude white cabbage from the diet.
  • Fruits – apples, bananas, and non-acidic berries. Remember to eat all of these in moderation
  • Use whole milk; it is better to add it to dishes or tea.
  • Cottage cheese – in the form of casseroles and soufflés.


Gastritis is a serious disease and can only be dealt with, with the help of a doctor. At the first symptoms of gastritis, immediately consult a doctor for advice and examination. In the future, follow all recommendations for treatment and nutrition. Self-medication is unacceptable! With timely treatment and adherence to the prescribed diet, you can cure gastritis completely without any harmful consequences.

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