The name “heart failure” often is said to be confusing. When one has heart failure it doesn’t mean that your ticker has stopped beating. What is really happening inside is that the heart can’t pump enough blood as a healthy one. The culprits behind the weakening or stiffening of the heart are narrowed arteries or high blood pressure. Not all the causes of heart failure can be reversed but treatments can improve the condition by relieving signs and symptoms. Patients with the condition have various heart failure treatments available. Usually, your doctor will start with making changes in your lifestyle. Let us take a look at various treatments that helps patients to recover and manage the symptoms.
Treatment and its types
Heart failure is a chronic condition that needs proper lifelong management. With treatments, the signs and symptoms can be minimized and help you live a long life by reducing the risk of death. In some cases, doctors can correct the condition by treating the underlying cause. For instance, mending the heart valve or controlling the fast rhythmic beat of the heart might reverse the failure. But for many, the right balance of medication or devices help the effective pumping of the heart.
The most common heart failure treatment is balanced medication. The doctor will prescribe a combination of drugs based on the symptoms which you have to take regularly on time without fail to keep the symptoms at bay. Common types of drugs prescribed by a doctor are:
- Angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors help people with systolic heart failure to increase life expectancy. It is a vasodilator that dilates and widens the blood walls thus increasing blood flow.
- Beta-blockers: in patients with systolic heart failure, the drug slows the heart rate and minimizes blood pressure.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers
- Aldosterone antagonist
- ACE inhibitors
- Blood vessel dilators
- Calcium channel blockers if you don’t have systolic heart failure
- Heart pump medication
- Potassium or magnesium
- Selective sinus node inhibitors
Surgery and medical equipment
The ultimate aim of surgery and medical devices is to make the heart work better
Bypass surgery: when several blood vessels from your leg, arm, or chest is bypassed to allow free blood flow through the heart.
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT): if your heartbeat is off-kilter it will worsen heart failure. In CRT a biventricular pacemaker is used to send an electrical pulse to both the lower chambers so that they will pump blood more effectively and cordially.
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs): it is a device like thereof pacemaker, which is implanted under the skin in your chest. The wire of the device leads through veins and into your heart to maintain the rhythm.
Heart valve repair or replacement: if a faulty heart valve is behind heart failure, then the doctor would suggest repairing or replacing the valve.
Heart transplant: in case of severe heart failure where medications won’t help, a transplant is an option where the deceased heart is replaced with a healthy one from a donor.
Other heart failure treatment types include ventricular assist devices and Infarct exclusion surgery
The effectiveness of a treatment depends on the degree of heart failure in the person and the type of treatment advised by the doctor. The doctor will suggest a method only if it will work for you.