Architectural design is a concept that focuses on the various elements and stages of building and construction. Being an architect, it is important to understand every aspect of the project with careful consideration and thought processes to provide a comfortable and safe living and working environment.
Speaking of the stages and phases of the construction process, there are six stages that you must be knowledgeable about.
- The concept
- Pre-construction stage
- Procurement stage
- Construction stage
- Post-construction stage
For every step of the project—starting from the simplest moving to the complex, there is a process that needs to be followed, ensuring a successful outcome. The projects for construction may vary in sizes, their budget, and the number of stakeholders involved in the project. No matter if you are working on residential building design or a commercial building, it can be a long and demanding process.
The good news here is that with digital solutions’ progress, the management of the different project phases can now get the job done in a much easier way. In addition to that, the collection of data from the field also plays a great role in making decisions and improving future processes.
Here are six stages of a construction process you must remember.
- Building the concept
The basic concept of the project begins with the client. This is where they research for the right location and the specifications that they require in the design. Depending on the project, the concept stage may vary.
It may take days and even months to develop the basic concept of the design. This is where the designers and architects collaborate with the clients to create a design that sells. However, in this process, the construction workers have no input at this stage, as the concept is based on the clients’ needs.
Once the concept is formed, it is time to talk design. The project at this stage is still at its youth, which means that nothing can be guaranteed. Never the less, the design stage is what drives the project forward. It is led by a team of architects and engineers who make sure that each of the state regulations and codes is met while ensuring that the building design and structure are useable.
There are four steps that make the design stage — programming and feasibility, schematic design, design development, and contract document.
The first step of the stage is where all the decisions are made. Be it about the building’s size, the space used, or the rooms on the floor; this step is a critical one in the design process.
The second step includes the schematic design, which sketches the space and identifies the materials, colors, and textures used in the design. This design is used in the third step of the design stage that requires the right equipment, along with the cost for them and the materials used in the design.
Once all the steps are done, it is time for a contract. Once everything is finalized, an agreement containing all the information is documented. This document is also used in the construction field by those placing bids to work on the project.
- The Pre-construction stage
This stage is where a contractor is chosen for the work. As soon as the contractor is selected, the project team is put together, which includes:
- Contract administrator
- Project manager
- Field engineer
- Health and safety manager
Collaborating with the contractor, the team aligned for the project is responsible for visiting the site for examination. This will enable the team to find any defects and challenges they need to overcome or emerge during the construction process. Ground and soil testing is also a big part of this step.
Once the information is collected, all the plans and findings are reviewed by the authorities, and all the concerns and opinions are heard and addressed.
- The procurement stage
At this stage, the team orders the materials, equipment, and workforce for the project. This stage of the project can be challenging for the team depending on the project’s size, the resources available, and the start date of the project.
Many times the renowned enterprises in the industry have an in-house procurement department so they can have access to the laborers, equipment, and the material to be used in the projects. This process, however, may vary a lot in smaller projects.
The general manager of the project performs the process of the collection of resources and equipment. However, there are some times when the sub-contractor is also responsible for the resources, such as hiring the workers or obtaining the material to complete their portion of the job.
- The construction stage
Once everyone responsible for the project is on the same page, the team of workers is given their tasks and schedules. At this stage, it is important for every team to note the schedule of the work, depending on the complexity and importance of their role in the project. Bear in mind, bad planning of the project can lead to serious delays and budget overruns.
Opt for a digital solution for the project where everyone has access and can understand the progress of the project. It can also help you in avoiding the pitfalls in the project.
- The post-construction phase
This is when the job is completed, and the project is at its final stage. However, there are also a few steps you must remember at this stage.
- New construction building commissioning — the inspection of the project to ensure there are no issues that need to be corrected. This step is essential to ensure the lifecycle of the project.
- Owner occupancy — this is the warranty period for the owner. Once the inspection is completed, the owner can examine all the equipment, materials, and systems installed in the building.
- Closure — the completion of the contract where every task is complete and a report is made for review.
Author Bio: Fernando Alston is a known design and a graduate from the University of New York holding a degree in Design and architecture. He is currently employed at the KW Building Design and wants to begin with his own design firm. He is an amazing designer a tech savvy person. Besides having the knowledge to design, he is also a great writer. He is interested in writing verses.