Disorderly and troublesome emotional and physical changes just before or during menstruation are known as menstrual disorders. They may include missed or irregular periods, unpredictable mood swings, heavy bleeding, extremely light bleeding, etc. It can be safely said that a normal period is a different concept for every woman.
For some women, periods are like clockwork. They come and go at the same times of the month without causing any worries or concerns. However, for other women, the experience may be completely different. Several emotional and physical symptoms before and during menstruation are experienced and these symptoms may disturb their lifestyle.
Some menstrual issues have very straightforward explanations and simple and effective treatments. But if the symptoms alleviate themselves and become overwhelming, you should consult the best gynecologist for menstrual disorders treatment in Gurgaon immediately.
Types of Menstrual Disorders
Periods are a part of the menstrual cycle. The menstrual cycle is a series of changes that are associated with the vagina, ovaries, and uterus every four weeks, although it may be a little longer or shorter for different women. The first day of your period is the first day of your menstrual cycle and usually lasts for four to seven days.
In some women, periods are associated with worrisome and concerning symptoms, and these may be signs of menstrual disorders. It is important to determine the type of menstrual disorder you are suffering from so that you can receive the best treatment in Gurgaon.
Some menstrual disorders are commonly seen in women listed below.
- Menorrhagia, or heavy menstrual bleeding
Heavy menstrual bleeding may become common at some stages, like the teen years when a girl begins to menstruate for the first time, or in the late 40s or 50s as the menopause comes closer. But when bleeding becomes abnormally heavy, it is cause for concern, called menorrhagia.
Bleeding is considered to be abnormally heavy when it starts to interfere with daily activities. In usual scenarios, a pad or tampon needs to be changed three to four times a day in menstruation. But when the bleeding is abnormally heavy, it needs to be changed every hour or so.
About 20 to 25 percent of women bleed so heavily during their periods that they have to put their normal lives on hold just so that they can get through their few days of menstruation. Heavy menstrual bleeding may be on account of the following reasons.
- Hormonal imbalances
- Medical conditions
- Structural abnormalities like cysts or polyps in the uterus.
- Thyroid problems
- Kidney or liver disorders
- Complications from IUDs.
- Amenorrhea, or no menstruation
Amenorrhea is the absolute opposite of menorrhagia. It means the complete absence of menstruation. This is normal before puberty, after menopause, or during pregnancy. But if you don’t get a period for six months straight and you don’t belong to any of these three categories, then you need to discuss your condition with a gynecologist in Bangalore. Amenorrhea can be categorized as primary and secondary amenorrhea.
- Primary Amenorrhea s the condition when a girl does not get her period by the age of 16.
- Secondary Amenorrhea happens when an otherwise menstruation woman does not get her period for six consecutive months.
Some common causes of amenorrhea are as follows:
- Ovarian cysts
- Sudden weight loss or gain
- Reproductive infections
- Discontinuation of birth control
- Premenstrual Syndrome
PMS is commonly used to explain the variety of physical and emotional changes that are associated with menstrual cycles and starts usually one or two weeks before the period starts. Nearly forty percent of women experience severe PMS symptoms which can disrupt their daily lives and schedules. Some women may experience symptoms as follows.
- Abdominal cramps
- Food cravings
Despite being uncomfortable, PMS is nothing to be worried about as long as it is not interfering with your daily life.
- Dysmenorrhea, or painful periods
Menstrual cramps before and during menstruation are quite common for some women. They are a regular part of their menstrual periods, but if the cramps become acute and severely painful, the condition is known as dysmenorrhea. It may be associated with abnormally light or heavier periods.
Dysmenorrhea is likely to be related to an underlying medical issue, like a pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, etc.
Menstrual cramps are common and frequent in periods, but acute pain is not normal. You should consult the best gynecologist in Gurgaon immediately and get help if your cramps have become more painful and abnormal.
Treatment of Menstrual Disorders
There are many treatment alternatives available for treating menstrual disorders in Gurgaon. However, the type of treatment depends on the underlying cause of the disorder.
Talking to your gynecologist about your symptoms can help you determine what type of treatment is best for your issue.
Some common and effective treatment options for menstrual disorders in Gurgaon are listed below.
- Hormone therapy
- Vitamin or mineral supplements
- Modifications in diet
- Lifestyle Changes
- Oral contraceptives
- Regular exercise and weight management
Consult the best gynecologist for menstrual disorders in Gurgaon
Menstrual problems like cramps, fatigue, nausea, a minor delay, and heavier bleeding than usual are normal. But when these symptoms become more prominent and affect your daily life, take it as a sign that you need to see a professional. See the best gynecologist for menstrual disorders at Prystin Care in Bangalore. Once the root cause of the disorder is diagnosed, a treatment plan suited to you can be executed.